Your Property Tax Rate
The City of Pearland Property Tax Levy represents only a portion of your tax bill; usually between 20% - 40% of what you pay depending on where you live. The screenshot below shows a Homestead property tax bill in the Southern Trails subdivision over the last two years. As you can see, the City's tax rate of $0.7092 per $100 in valuation represents 21% of the total amount paid by this resident.
In the example above, a resident living in a home valued at $255,000 is paying roughly $147 ($1,763 total bill / 12 months) per month for critical services like Police, Fire, Emergency Management and EMS, as well as an ever-expanding capital improvement program and valuable community amenities like parks, trails and open spaces.
As a part of the Budget Process, City Staff compiles a set of Sample Tax Bills to illustrate the impact of tax rate decisions on actual residents. City Council reviews these Sample Tax Bills, taking the impact to individual tax payers into account when deliberating changes to the City's Property tax rate. You can see those Sample Tax Bills here.
City of Pearland Property Tax Liability Calculation:
To determine your tax liability, multiply the taxable value of your home by the current tax rate, then divide the result by 100. For example, a home with a taxable value of $100,000 would pay 2018 city taxes in the amount of $709.16 ($100,000 x $0.709158) / 100.
The Property Tax Rate Setting Process
The City of Pearland is not the only entity involved in the Property Tax rate setting process. Here is an outline of the Fiscal Year 2019 process from beginning to end:
|January 1, 2018||County Appraisal Districts||Appraisal Districts are required to appraise property at its value on this date. A lien attaches to each taxable property to ensure property tax payment.|
|January - April 2018||County Appraisal Districts||Complete appraisals and processes applications for exemptions|
|April - May 2018||County Appraisal Districts||Appraisal districts send notices of appraised value to property owners. This is notification of the property value that will be used when property taxes are calculated|
|May 2018||Appraisal Review Board||Appraisal review board begins hearing protests from property owners. To learn more about protesting property assessments, click here.|
|July 25, 2018||County Appraisal Districts||Appraisal districts certify appraised values to taxing units. This means that local taxing entities, such at Cities, School Districts and Counties, receive the full taxable value for their use in calculating the tax rate for the upcoming budget year.|
|August 1, 2018||City of Pearland||City Staff submits the City Manager's Proposed Budget to City Council and posts it on the Budget webpage.|
|August 2018||City of Pearland||Several open Budget Discussions to get feedback on the Proposed Budget from City Council and residents who wish to speak. All meetings are held in City Council Chambers and open to the public. All materials provided to City Council are shared on the City's webpage.|
|September 2018||City of Pearland||Two Public Hearings and Two Readings of the Tax Rate Ordinance are conducted, all of which are open to the public.|
|October 2018||County Tax Office||Tax Bills are sent to Tax Payers.|
|January 2019||Tax Payers||Tax Bills are due.|
Paying Your Property Taxes
The City contracts with Brazoria County for the billing and collection of property taxes. The County has offices located at the following locations for the collection of property taxes.
|2555 Cullen Parkway Pearland, Texas 77581||2337 North Galveston Pearland, Texas 77581|
The City's property tax is levied each October 1 on the certified assessed value as of January 1 for all real and personal property. Taxpayers have until January 31 of the following year to pay their tax bill before taxes become delinquent. Penalty and interest accrue automatically each month at the following rates on taxes remaining unpaid by the delinquency date:
|(Plus 20% for collections)|
*For August and thereafter, add 1 percent per month
The appraisal of property is the responsibility of the County Central Appraisal District. Appraisals are based on market value of as January 1 of the tax year. The City of Pearland resides within three counties, Brazoria, Harris and Fort Bend. Appraisals may be challenged through various appeals and, if necessary, legal action.
Questions regarding appraisal values should be directed to the appropriate Appraisal District in which your property resides:
- Brazoria County Appraisal District
- Harris County Appraisal District
- Fort Bend County Appraisal District
Making Good Use of Property Tax Funds
After you pay your tax bill, that money goes to one of two places; to fund operations or to fund the City's existing debt obligations. The chart below shows the breakout of the City's Fiscal Year 2019 Tax Rate. Roughly 39% of property taxes go to funding operations, which include most of the City's day-to-day functions. The remaining 61% go toward the City debt-related obligations; rebates to fund a portion of in-City Municipal Utility District debt and annual payments on the City's existing debt.
Using the example above of a home valued at $255,000, a resident would pay $147 per month for all of the services the City provide but where exactly does that money go? The chart below outlines each of the activities that are funded through your property taxes.
Property Tax Exemptions
A Property Tax Exemption is a reduction to the Assessed Value of a property, which is used to calculate tax bills. Exemptions from property tax require applications in most circumstances. Applications for property tax exemptions are filed with appraisal districts. The general deadline for filing an exemption application is before May 1. Appraisal district chief appraisers are responsible for determining whether or not property qualifies for an exemption.
Following are the current residential property tax exemptions offered by the City of Pearland and/or the State of Texas. The following exemptions reduce the appraised value by the amount of the exemption:
|Exemption Type||Description||Exemption Amount|
This exemptions is for residential properties that are the principal residence of the owner. The home's owner must be an individual and use the home as his or her principal residence on January 1 of the tax year, unless you are 65+ or disabled. Find more information on Homestead Exemptions here.
|2.5% of appraised value - minimum $5,000|
|Over 65 Homestead, Surviving Spouse of Over 65 Homestead||
Residents are eligible if you qualify to receive disability benefits under the Federal Old-Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance Program administered by the Social Security Administration. Disability benefits from any other program do not automatically qualify you. To prove your eligibility, you may need to provide the appraisal district with information on your disability. Contact your local appraisal district for information on what documents are required to prove eligibility (links can be found below). Find more information on the 65+ Exemption here.
You are eligible if you qualify to receive disability benefits under the Federal Old-Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance Program administered by the Social Security Administration. Disability benefits from any other program do not automatically qualify you. To prove your eligibility, you may need to provide the appraisal district with information on your disability. Contact your local appraisal district for information on what documents are required to prove eligibility. Find out more information on the Disabled Persons Exemption here.
|Disabled Veteran, Surviving Spouse of Disabled Veteran||To qualify for this exemption you must either be a veteran who was disabled while serving with the U.S. armed forces or the surviving spouse or child (under age 18 and unmarried) of a disabled veteran or of a member of the armed forces who was killed while on active duty. You must be a veteran of the U.S. armed forces who is classified as disabled by the Veteran's Administration or the armed services branch in which you served and have a service-connected disability. The disabled veteran must be a Texas resident and must choose one property to receive the exemption. Find more information on the Disabled Veterans Exemption here.||$5,000 to $12,000 depending on the percentage of disability|
Homestead Tax Ceiling
The Homestead Tax Ceiling is a limit on the amount of taxes you must pay on your residence. If you qualify your home for an age 65 or older or disabled person homestead exemption for taxes, the taxes on that home cannot increase as long as you own and live in that home. The tax ceiling is the amount you pay in the year that you qualified for the age 65 or older or disabled person exemption. The taxes on your home may go below the ceiling, but not above the the amount of the ceiling. However, if you improve the home (other than normal repairs or maintenance), the tax ceiling may go higher because of the new additions. For example, if you add on a garage or game room to the house after you have established a tax ceiling, the ceiling will be adjusted to a higher level to reflect the value of that addition.
Homestead exemptions and Tax Ceilings are managed by the County Appraisal District. You can find out more information on what you qualify for and how to apply here: